William J Foster, MD, PhDClinical Information


Whether because of age-related changes or trauma, a hole or tear can develop in the retina (the lining of the back of the eye). Information is available online on this condition.

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2Diabetic Retinopathy

An increasingly common problem in the United States is diabetic retinopathy, the leading cause of blindness among working-age Americans. Extensive information is available online.

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3Macular Disorders

Macular disorders, including both dry (non-exudative) and wet (exudative) macular degeneration require a careful evaluation and often prompt treatment. The National Eye Institute has a wonderful page on this topic.

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Additional information

There are a number of reliable sources of additional information on retinal diseases, listed below.

Please select from the links below:

  • Eyesmart and The American Academy of Ophthalmology

  • The National Eye Institute of the National Institutes of Health

  • The American Society of Retina Specialaists

  • E-Medicine
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Causes of Retinal Blindness

Among the common causes of blindness from retinal disease are the following conditions:

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